The refinery is engaged in the production of API Group I straight run grades. It produces LPG, gasoline, jet fuel, diesel oil, base oil and fuel oil. It mainly provides services to the domestic market. The products from the refinery are transported through truck loading, interconnecting pipelines and four marine terminal facilities.
The refinery’s expansion was initiated in January 2011, which is expected to be completed by 2015.
Crude oil refinery expansion project
“The expansion of the Yanbu lube base oil refinery, which is also referred to as Luberef II, began in January 2011.”
The expansion of the Yanbu lube base oil refinery, which is also referred to as Luberef II, began in January 2011. It is expected to be completed by 2015. The expansion is expected to increase the overall capacity of the refinery from the current 280,000t a year to 710,000t a year of base oil.
The expansion is aimed at increasing the production of API Group II and Group III base oils to meet the rising demand for these products in domestic and international markets. The estimated investment for the expansion of the refinery is $1bn.
The expansion includes the construction of a new sulphur treatment complex, hydrofinishing unit and hydrocracker. It will also expand the capacity of the vacuum distillation unit from the existing 26,000 barrels per day (bpd) to 40,000bpd. Additional storage tanks will be built as part of the expansion.
The capacity of the propane de-asphalting unit will be increased, from the current 6,500bpd to 12,500bpd. The existing electrical facilities at the refinery will be extended and upgraded, plus a new cooling tower for water cooling system will be constructed.
History of the Saudi Arabian refinery
Luberef refinery was established in 1976. It began operations in 1983. It was established as a 70:30 joint venture between Saudi Aramco and ExxonMobil. The 30% share of ExxonMobil was acquired by the Jadwa Industrial Investment Company in November 2007. In July 1996 the Saudi Arabian Government transferred its 70% stake to Saudi Aramco Lubricating Oil Refining Company (Luberef).
Facilities and technology at the Luberef II refinery
The Luberef II refinery has an atmospheric distillation unit, propane deasphalting unit and a diesel hydro-treating complex. It has more than 74 tanks in the tank farm, with a capacity of 12 million barrels.
“The expansion includes the construction of a new sulphur treatment complex, hydrofinishing unit and hydrocracker.”
Foster Wheeler supplied two hydrotreaters and a cogeneration plant for the refinery in 2002. The diesel hydro-treating complex at the refinery was commissioned in 2005. In 2009, WorleyParsons was awarded front end engineering and design (FEED) contract for the clean fuels project.
The refinery will use KBR’s Rose technology, instead of the conventional solvent deasphalting (SDA) technology used before for the propane deasphalting (PDA) unit.
The Rose technology uses a deasphalted oil stripper, as well as an asphaltene stripper to recover and recycle the dissolved solvents.
The technology will also extract the deasphalted oil from asphaltene rich feedstock. It will help in increasing the production of brightstock and by-products too.
Contractors involved with the Luberef II Yanbu refinery expansion
In March 2011, KBR was awarded with a contract to implement its SDA technology for the refinery’s expansion.
In October 2012, Samsung Engineering was awarded an $871m engineering, procurement, construction and commissioning (EPCC) contract for the refinery’s expansion. The scope of the contract includes providing a new hydrocracking unit with 23,000bpd capacity, 19,000bpd capacity ISO-Dewaxing complex and hydrogen manufacturing sulphur recovery complex. It also includes providing substations, as well as cooling towers at the refinery. The project is expected to be completed by 2015.
In February 2013, Jacobs Engineering Group was awarded a contract to provide project management consulting (PMC) services at the refinery. The scope of the contract includes providing both inside battery limits (ISBL) and outside battery limits (OSBL) services.