Oil prices wonâ€™t rebound to $100/bbl before 2020 to 2025, when U.S. shale production will gradually start to decline, according to a former head of the International Energy Agency.
Demand for crude in China, India, Southeast Asia and Africa will drive up global prices in the â€œlong term,â€ Nobuo Tanaka, who served for four years as the IEAâ€™s executive director, said in an interview in Abu Dhabi. Tanaka left the IEA, an advisory body to the worldâ€™s industrialized nations, in September 2011 and currently works as a professor at the University of Tokyo School of Public Policy.
â€œPrice will not go up to a hundred as easily as before,â€ Tanaka said. â€œThe shale production in the U.S. will gradually slow down after 2020 or 2025, so again thereâ€™s a chance of higher prices coming after that.â€
Brent crude, a global pricing benchmark, dropped 44% in the last 12 months and was 20 cents higher at $50.06/bbl on Tuesday in London at 12:01 p.m. local time. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, led by Saudi Arabia, decided on June 5 to keep its crude production target unchanged to force higher-cost producers, such as U.S. shale companies, to cut back. The producer group has exceeded its target for 16 consecutive months, data compiled by Bloomberg show.
â€œShale production is a built-in stabilizer,â€ Tanaka said. â€œOPEC used to manage the production to stabilize the price; that was the regime before but now when OPEC gave up this kind of function, now the shale oil is acting in the market as a built-in stabilizer. These are new dynamics of the market.â€
The gap between crude oil supply and demand will continue until the end of the year, and a supply shortfall may develop in the third or fourth quarter of 2016, he said. â€œUntil that time, if the current situation continues, the price will stay as low as the current one.â€
Iran, the fifth-largest producer in OPEC, is preparing to bounce back from economic sanctions that choked off investment in its oil industry. The nation could boost output to 3.6 MMbopd from its current 2.9 MMbopd in six months, the Paris-based IEA said in in its monthly report Tuesday.
Iran has said it will increase oil exports by 500,000 bpd within six months of the lifting of sanctions and then double that increase to 1 MMbpd.
â€œCertainly that eases the market situation and means the oversupply will continue,â€ Tanaka said.